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Created: 13 Jun, 2009; Last Modified: 14 Oct, 2016

Science

Introduction

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The term science comes from the Latin word “scientia,” which means “knowing.” Science encompasses a large group of subjects dealing with mankind's search for knowledge of the world and its surroundings, all the way up to the universe.

People who are involved in serious study through science are called scientists.

Technology is the result of application of science for meeting the practical needs of humans. Science and technology have played a major role in the shaping of human society. The fruits of science, in the form of technology, are evident in all aspects of our daily existence, from the early morning tryst with the tooth-brush to the final switching off of the bed-light at night before hitting the sack.

Branches of Science

Science subjects are grouped into three broad divisions: the physical sciences, the biological or life sciences and the social sciences. There are some science subjects which cover more than one of these divisions.

Physical sciences

The physical sciences deal with non-living things, from the tiny particles that make up the atom to the universe itself. It includes subjects like physics, chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, earth sciences like geology and climatology, and engineering like computer science and mechanical engineering. Mathematics, although not exactly dealing with the non-living, is the language used by all other sciences.

Life sciences

Biological or life sciences deal with living things and their environments. This division includes biology and medicine.

Social sciences

Social sciences deal with the social and cultural aspects of mankind, and include subjects like economics, political science and sociology.

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Bibliography

'science and scientific method,' in Britannica Elementary Library, Ultimate Reference Suite, CD-ROM, Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008.
'science,' in Britannica Student Library, Ultimate Reference Suite, CD-ROM, Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008.
'sciences, the,' in Britannica Student Library, Ultimate Reference Suite, CD-ROM, Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008.